LEATHER
Natures
Product
As you consider Leather Furniture, remember that leather is a
natural product that reacts differently to soil and light. Some

types
of leather have greater resistance because of the
techniques used in finishing the hides. The natural surface of
leather is like a landscape, with varying textures and shadowy
furrows. These distinctive features are unique to genuine leather,
a product that has been raised rather than engineered. No two
hides will be exactly alike, as with all things in nature.


Leather is the strongest upholstery material traditionally used for furniture
and has been proven to outlast fabric at least four to one. While all leather
is inherently durable and strong, there are significant differences between
leathers. Top grain leather is the strong supple top layer of the hide.
These hides have been processed to retain the leathers' natural ability to
constantly adjust to its environment. It absorbs moisture and regulates its
surface temperature so that it is warm and comfortable in the winter and
cool in the summer. Leather, a product of nature, has its own life history
recorded as grain, wrinkles, scratches and scars acquired from life on the
range.
Understanding Leather’s Natural Markings
Even the best leather has natural markings, which are analogous
to fingerprints.  They distinguish genuine leather from man-made
materials.  Some marks which can appear on the surface of
leather are healed scratches, barbed wire marks, wrinkles and
insect bites.  Any of these markings may be present on your
furniture and is your assurance that you have a true top grain
hide. Leather is a natural product; grain pattern and color may
vary from hide to hide and within the hide.

Shade and Tone Variation
Leather is unique as an upholstery covering. Surface features
testify to the authenticity of natural leather. Variation across a
hide,  density of grain, creases and folds  are distinctive
characteristics, much like the grain of a fine piece of wood.
Leather is not like a bolt of cloth. On a sofa, five hides may be
utilized which will blend and complement, but will never be
identical. Like any natural product, grain pattern and color may
vary from hide to hide and within each individual hide. In the
dying process, no pigments are used, so each hide absorbs
"color" based on its individual cell structure. Each area of the
hide will absorb dye in varying amounts, and thus be darker or
lighter than other areas; much like wood varies in color when
stained. This explains why an arm of a leather sofa may have a
different shade than the cushions or the back of the sofa. They
were simply cut from different parts of the same hide.



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Healed Scars
Healed scratches are reflective of the steer's lifelong encounters.
These healed scratch marks are evidence of this cow's
unsheltered life. These form as a result of barbed wire scratches,
disease and infestation or by horns of other cattle. The new,
healed skin is as strong as the remainder of the hide. It is normal
to use scars and areas of rough grain on the outside backs and
arms. Markings on your leather furniture are natural, and in no
way affect the strength or wear ability of the leather. These
unique characteristics are your assurance of genuine leather.



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Wrinkles
Neck and shoulder creases appear as elongated furrows.
Wrinkles naturally occur in a hide as a result of the neck
stretching and contracting. Skin located on the neck of a steer is
full and loose. This enables the steer to have the flexibility it
needs to move its head while grazing. Wrinkles, naturally occur in
the hide.



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Variation in Grain
Variations in grain pattern occur during the life of a steer. The
grain is relatively tight across the backbone while it may be very
loose in the belly and flank areas. The looser areas consequently
have more stretch. Graining, like human fingerprints, is unique to
each individual hide.



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Stretch Marks
Stretch marks appear in cowhides for the same reasons they do
in humans. The process of calving requires the stretching of the
skin to accommodate the new calf Nothing could be more
natural. Stretch marks are used in leather furniture.



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Veins
Growth marks and veins are an indication of the age of the
animal and in that respect are similar to the graining on a piece
of timber. They range from often quite pronounced marks in the
neck area to subtle bands across the hide perpendicular to the
backbone. Again, these are quite natural and are used in
furniture.



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If you want to learn more details about leather types, go to TYPES NOW
Learn some detailed leather terms. Go to TERMS NOW
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